An appropriate and consistent diet is extremely important for dogs with diabetes. In this post, our Carlsbad vets explain diabetes in dogs and how you can care for them and provide them with an ideal diet.
Diabetes in Dogs
Canine diabetes (dog diabetes) is an incurable disease. It’s caused by either a lack of insulin (the hormone that maintains blood sugar levels) within your dog’s body or an insufficient biological response to it.
In a healthy dog, insulin would carry the glucose in their food to cells throughout their body. However, if your pooch’s body can’t use insulin properly or produce enough of it, his body won’t be able to use the glucose appropriately.
This increases your dog’s blood sugar levels and can have negative side effects - which we know as symptoms of diabetes that can include:
- Increase in urination
- “Sweet” smelling breath
- Lack of energy
- Changes in appetite
- Unexplained weight loss
After receiving a diagnosis of diabetes, you will likely want to know what food your canine companion should eat now that you’ll need to manage this disease.
Diet management is one of the components of managing diabetes in dogs (along with providing regular insulin injections) and keeping them healthy. As long as this is done diligently, you may be able to enjoy many more years with your pet.
Diet for a Dog With Diabetes
Though diet management for diabetic dogs is key and researchers continue to explore the topic, most vets (including us) will recommend a diet full of high-fiber, low-fat foods. While low-fat foods have fewer calories, fiber will help your dog feel free and slow the entrance of glucose into his bloodstream, which will assist with weight management.
We recommend owners focus more on keeping their diabetic dog’s diet consistent, rather than on the actual food he eats. Consult your vet for recommendations for high-quality food without simple sugars, which will quickly increase your dog’s blood sugar levels.
All table scraps or treats containing foods high in glycemic (another ingredient that can result in too-high blood sugar levels) - including snacks with lots of sugars such as bread, sweeteners, and corn syrup - should be on your ban list.
Here at Carlsbad Animal Hospital, our vets can provide nutritional counseling to provide your dog with the most ideal diet tailored to them.
Tips for a Diabetic Dog's Diet
- Consistency is key. Feed your dog at the same time every day and provide the same amount of food in the same quantity, each time. Ask your veterinarian first before making any changes to your dog’s diet.
- Give your canine friend plenty of water to counteract the fiber in his new diet, since fiber takes water from the body. An unbalanced amount of water and fiber can result in constipation and other issues.
- Ensure your dog stays lean. If your dog is overweight, losing a few pounds may help his cells use insulin more efficiently.
- Don’t give your dog insulin injections if he’s got an empty stomach, as this could make him very sick.
- Has your dog lost his appetite? Let your vet know right away as this could mean they're experiencing other complications related to diabetes.
By giving your dog a consistent high-quality diet and a healthy exercise routine, in addition to tracking your dog’s insulin needs and adjusting them as required (with your vet’s help), you can help your dog maintain a healthy life with diabetes.